Web Development Best Practices
Web development best practices are a crucial aspect of creating an excellent website. While creativity is encouraged, adherence to rules and standards can lead to a universally readable and usable website. This allows designers to be more creative while avoiding unnecessary complexities. For example, links should be visible and easy to access. Moreover, company details and contact information should be displayed in the top-right corner of the webpage. A registration option should also be visible in the top-right corner of the page.
- It’s challenging to maintain and may cause trouble for Internet Explorer users.
- The innerHTML code can confuse readers, causing them to have difficulty reading your code.
- Not all maintainers are skilled enough to keep up with this code.
To avoid this:
- Use only Unicode characters in your HTML code.
- In addition, avoid placing extra spaces around tags and attribute values. This practice can result in mountains of divs.
- Use absolute paths for your HTML pages instead of relative ones. This will help your website load faster than if you used relative paths.
HTML is the backbone of your website, so it’s essential to follow good coding practices. Bad HTML can create a bad user experience for your visitors, which is never what you want. While HTML is never easy to master, it’s worth learning to use it correctly to create a user-friendly, easy-to-maintain web page. By following these guidelines, you can create a website that’s simple to read and maintain.
Another essential practice is to separate the content from the presentation. This way, you can make design changes much more quickly. Using separate CSS files also makes the content more digestible for user agents. You’ll also avoid unnecessary server requests. The best practices include avoiding inline styles and making your code unreadable and hard to read.
Avoid using style attributes to insert CSS
There are two types of CSS rules: inline and external. An inline style consists of rules embedded in the HTML tag. This is not a good practice, as the page’s presentation becomes mixed with its content, making it difficult to maintain. Also, it defeats the purpose of CSS. In contrast, an external style sheet is a separate file used to apply a style to a whole site or set of pages.
Inline styles are not recommended and apply to a specific HTML element. They use syntax and can cause problems like red underlined text or 10 pixels of padding on all sides. In most cases, it is best to use a stylesheet instead of inline styles.
While CSS can make the page look more consistent, it can also make applying styles to elements with different positions challenging. When unsure how to apply CSS to a part, you can use a web development plugin from Mozilla. This plugin will allow you to find the ID and class of each element.
CSS is usually written in a separate file but can also be written in an HTML tag. This is an “inline style” and is considered a bad practice. However, if you want to write CSS in HTML, you should use the style attribute.
Inlining CSS is generally not harmful but can lead to performance problems. Moreover, it creates duplicated styles (atomic CSS class names and common CSS class names) and can cause a browser to take longer to load the page. Furthermore, it can make future refactoring much more difficult.